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Telegram Open Network Hits with a Big (and Ugly) Splash

Last updated: | 4 min read

Dr. Bruce Ng is an educator in the field of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) and has been a lead crypto-tech analyst for Weiss Cryptocurrency Ratings since shortly after their launch.

Source: iStock/anton5146

While crypto markets are quiet, the crypto industry evolution and revolution continues.

Most investors don’t see this. Pretty much all they watch are the ups and downs in Bitcoin prices and maybe a handful of popular altcoins.

And yet, it’s often during quiet periods like this that incremental, fundamental — even earth-shattering — events take place behind the scenes.

Sometimes it’s a technological innovation that’s on the verge of bursting onto the scene.

Sometimes, it’s a big company or consortium of companies coming together or breaking apart.

And almost invariably, it’s news that not only impacts the industry but could also have far-reaching repercussions on our daily lives in the future.

Today, I will cover one outstanding example in the recent news. I will cover additional ones in the near future.

Telegram Open Network Raises USD 1.7 billion from Private Sales

The global growth of messaging apps like WhatsApp, WeChat and Facebook Messenger has been staggering.

By year-end, they will have more than two and a half BILLION users.

Before the end of 2022, they will have close to THREE billion.

And in the privacy-oriented world of crypto, the stand-out messaging app is Telegram.

Telegram’s enhanced privacy protection is a key reason why it has catapulted from zero to over 200 million users in less than six years flat.

And it’s why Telegram is the object of adoring user loyalty … hate-laced attacks from detractors … and never-ending controversy in the highest of circles.

But the controversy is also the backdrop of Telegram’s most recent endeavor — to back the launch of its new token, Telegram Open Network (TON).

Thanks largely to Telegram’s virtually universal following in the crypto world, TON was quickly able to raise $1.7 billion from private sales.

But thanks, in part, to an equally universal disdain for Telegram among government regulators, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) acted swiftly.

The SEC obtained a legal order to halt Telegram Group Inc. from distributing its crypto asset, known as Gram. The SEC declared the asset cannot be legally traded in the United States.

An SEC spokesperson said its emergency action is “intended to prevent Telegram from flooding the U.S. markets with digital tokens that we allege were unlawfully sold.”

A court hearing to resolve the issue (or not), initially scheduled for Oct. 24, was postponed to February 2020.

TON had already launched its Testnet but has delayed its Mainnet due to the SEC filing.

Our take: The SEC certainly has the authority to block the sale of TON’s Gram tokens in the United States. But whether it can do so globally is questionable.

And regardless of fundraising, governmental authorities cannot — and probably do not plan to — stop the development of TON’s blockchain technology (more broadly called Distributed Ledger Technology, or DLT).

However, this battle has impacted TON public investors in a few negative ways.

First, they had to make a hard choice between:

  • Taking a guaranteed 23% loss on their investment, or …
  • Braving the price uncertainty when the token is launched in April 2020 … and the possibility that it may never be launched.

Second, public investors who bought the coin at USD 4 will be subject to selling pressure from the first and second rounds of investors whose purchase prices corresponded to 37 cents and USD 1.33, respectively.

Third, this SEC filing could set a precedent and deter both TON and other blockchain projects from raising funds in the U.S. in the future.

Regulatory issues aside, if we focus just on the technology, we need to recognize that …

TON Has the Potential to Be One of the Fastest Smart-contract Blockchains in the World

TON creates blockchains within blockchains … and then more blockchains within those. This kind of sharding, they claim, can reach the breakneck speed of one MILLION transactions per second.

TON has 3 primary strengths …

1. Speed We don’t see one million transactions happening anytime soon. But it will be relatively fast from the get-go.

Using the standards we’ve created for our Technology Model (one of four models in our Weiss Crypto Ratings), we estimate that TON will be able to hit the ground running with about 10,000 transactions per second. That’s still quite fast for a new wannabe smart-contract Ethereum-killer.

2. Popularity of Telegram Messenger app. In the crypto world, there’s a huge benefit to having the backing of a well-known brand. It makes the critical difference between bursting into the headlines with a huge built-in base of users vs. getting lost among the countless coins that fade and die from lack of attention. TON is definitely among the former.

3. Support infrastructure. TON is deploying Ton Storage for decentralized file storage and the Telegram Messenger app for easy user onboarding.

Weighing the regulatory and fundraising challenges vs. the technological strengths, we still see great potential for growth … but also for more controversy.

Stay tuned. This is bound to get even more interesting very quickly.