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Crypto Service Providers in Canada Must Report Transfers, Customer Data By 2027

Shalini Nagarajan
Last updated: | 1 min read
Canada crypto tax reporting to change with adoption of CARF framework, represented by Bitcoin symbol on Canadian flag background.
Canada's crypto industry faces new tax reporting rules under the CARF framework, effective 2026.

Crypto firms in Canada will soon face increased disclosure obligations, per regulations introduced in Tuesday’s 2024 federal budget.

The Canadian government said it intends to implement the Crypto-Asset Reporting Framework (CARF). This framework, endorsed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in August 2022, fulfills a mandate established by the G20 in April 2021. It called for the OECD to develop a system facilitating the automatic exchange of tax information pertaining to crypto assets.

Canada’s budget suggested allocating CA$51.6m ($37.3m) to the Canada Revenue Agency over a five-year period starting in 2024–25. This will be followed by an annual allocation of CA$7.3 million ($5.2m) for subsequent years to cover implementation and administration costs.

The forthcoming annual reporting obligations will be applicable to cryptoasset service providers domiciled in Canada or operating within its jurisdiction. These providers will include exchanges, crypto brokers, dealers, and crypto ATM operators.

Canada Implements Measures To Track Crypto Transactions


Under the system, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) will require the annual reporting of the value of transactions involving exchanges between cryptoassets and fiat currencies, exchanges between different cryptoassets, and transfers of cryptoassets.

However, reportable crypto assets will not include Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) and other electronic money products. Instead, these will be included within the expanded scope of the OECD’s existing common reporting standard.

In addition, crypto service providers will be mandated to report details pertaining to their clients. This information includes full names, residential addresses, dates of birth, jurisdictions of residence, and taxpayer identification numbers. The reporting requirements include both Canadian resident and non-resident customers.

These measures are set to be implemented in the 2026 calendar year, with the initial exchange of reported information to follow in 2027.

Public Funds Face Crypto Investment Limits


In January, Canada’s securities watchdog proposed regulations for public investment funds seeking exposure to crypto assets. Notably, the proposal restricts direct purchase, sale, and holding of crypto assets to alternative mutual funds and non-redeemable investment funds.

Additionally, publicly offered crypto asset funds will be prohibited from acquiring or holding NFTs due to their “characteristics that are incompatible with investment fund products offered to retail investors.”